MONIKA BY ION RAKHMATULINA 北京市 CUTS DVD EDITION

$90,000

EDITORIAL: WURNC FILMS
FORMAT: DVD
DURATION: 45 MIN
YEAR: 2018
COUNTRY: CHILE
EDITION: 10

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HD DVD (short for High Definition Digital Versatile Disc)[1] is a discontinued high-density optical disc format for storing data and playback of high-definition video.[2] Supported principally by Toshiba, HD DVD was envisioned to be the successor to the standard DVD format.

On 19 February 2008, after a protracted format war with rival Blu-ray, Toshiba abandoned the format,[3] announcing it would no longer manufacture HD DVD players and drives.[2] The HD DVD Promotion Group was dissolved on March 28, 2008.[4]

The HD DVD physical disc specifications (but not the codecs) were still in use as the basis for the China Blue High-definition Disc (CBHD) formerly called CH-DVD.

Because all variants except 3× DVD and HD REC employed a blue laser with a shorter wavelength, HD DVD stored about 3.2 times as much data per layer as its predecessor (maximum capacity: 15 GB per layer compared to 4.7 GB per layer).

in 2001.[38] China also has free trade agreements with several nations, including ASEAN, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Korea and Switzerland.[39] The provinces in the coastal regions of China[40] tend to be more industrialized, while regions in the hinterland are less developed. As China’s economic importance has grown, so has attention to the structure and health of the economy.[41][42]

To avoid the long-term socioeconomic cost[43] of environmental pollution in China,[44][45] it has been suggested by Nicholas Stern and Fergus Green of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment that the economy of China be shifted to more advanced industrial development with high-tech, low carbon emissions with better allocation of national resources to innovation and R&D for sustainable economic growth in order to reduce the impact of China’s heavy industry. This is in accord with the planning goals of the central government.[46] Xi Jinping’s Chinese Dream is described as achieving the “Two 100s”: the material goal of China becoming a “moderately well-off society” by 2021, the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party and the modernization goal of China becoming a fully developed nation by 2049, the 100th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic.[47]

The internationalization of the Chinese economy continues to affect the standardized economic forecast officially launched in China by the Purchasing Managers Index in 2005. As China’s economy grows, so does China’s Renminbi, which undergoes the process needed for its internationalization.[48] China initiated the founding of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank in 2015. The economic development of Shenzhen is dubbed as the next Silicon Valley in the world.[49][50][51][52]

In 2015, one US-focused financial commentator suggested China’s official figures for GDP growth might be double the actual rate.[53] Examples include the provincial government in Liaoning publicly admitting that the government had been overstating GDP by 20% when publishing its economic data from 2011 to 2014. Tianjin’s trillion yuan GDP claim for 2016, was in fact a third lower, at 665 billion yuan ($103 billion).[54][55][56] A Wall Street Journal survey of 64 select economists found that 96% of respondents think China’s GDP estimates don’t “accurately reflect the state of the Chinese economy.”[57]. However, a more detailed and scholarly approach in 2017 pointed in the opposite direction.[58] Regarding the credibility of official data, China’s premier has been quoted as saying the GDP numbers are “man-made” and unreliable and should be used “for reference only”.[59]